About OJO | Search | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Archives | Author Instructions | Reviewer Guidelines | Online submissionLogin 
Oman Journal of Ophthalmology Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
  Editorial Board | Subscribe | Advertise | Contact
https://www.omanophthalmicsociety.org/ Users Online: 902  Wide layoutNarrow layoutFull screen layout Home Print this page  Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 97-100

Risk factors for late presentation of chronic glaucoma in an Iranian population

Department of Ophthalmology, Nikookari Eye Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Behzad Fallahi Motlagh
Department of Ophthalmology, Nikookari Eye Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-620X.184527

Rights and Permissions

Purpose: To identify risk factors for late presentation in chronic glaucoma. Materials and Methods: In a hospital-based case-control study, 312 newly diagnosed consecutive patients with chronic glaucoma were recruited to study in Nikookari Hospital in Tabriz - Iran. Cases were defined as patients presenting with absolute field loss within 5° of fixation or a cup to disc ratio >0.8 in one or both eyes (188 patients). Controls were patients with no absolute field loss within 20° in either eye but otherwise glaucomatous field loss and a cup to disc ratio >0.5 or a difference of 0.2 or greater between the discs (124 patents). Results: In logistic regression model, there was a significant association between late presentation and male gender, lower education status, pseudoexfoliative glaucoma, high intraocular pressure (IOP) in the first presentation and no eye exam in last 2 years. Patients with pseudoexfoliative glaucoma had 1.5 times more odd for late presentation (1.52 confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-2.24 P = 0.004). Patients that visited by an ophthalmologist in the last 2 years had 0.5 less likely to present with advanced glaucoma (0.54 CI: 0.32-0.92 P = 0.025). Higher IOP in initial examination was associated with advanced glaucoma. We estimated 1.08 increase in odd (CI: 1.03-1.04 P = 0.001) per increase in 1 mmHg in IOPs above 25 mmHg. Conclusion: Our study shows that several risk factors present for late presentation in chronic glaucoma. Our results suggest planning screening programs in high-risk individuals for early detection of glaucoma and prevention of blindness.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded249    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 4    

Recommend this journal