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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 116-118

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia as second primary tumor in a patient with retinoblastoma

1 Ocular Oncology Service, The Operation Eyesight Universal Institute for Eye Cancer, L. V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
2 Ophthalmic Pathology Services, L. V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
3 Department of Pathology, Apollo Health City, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Swathi Kaliki
The Operation Eyesight Universal Institute for Eye Cancer, L. V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad - 500 034, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-620X.184533

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Second primary tumor (SPT) is defined as a second tumor that presents either simultaneously or after the diagnosis of an index tumor. Second primary malignancies are the leading cause of death in patients with heritable retinoblastoma (RB). Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), as SPT in RB patients, is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, only five cases of ALL as SPT in patients with RB has been documented in the literature. Herein, we report a case of a 6-year-old girl with bilateral RB, who developed ALL during the course of treatment of RB. This case highlights the importance of reviewing blood investigations regularly to diagnose leukemia as SPT in RB and also the necessity for proper counseling and lifelong follow-up in these patients.

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