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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-8

Optical coherence tomographic assessment of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness changes before and after glaucoma filtration surgery

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Midnapore Medical College, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, AIIMS, Jodhpur, India
4 Department of Ophthalmology, RIO, Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Kumaresh Chandra Sarkar
Shraddhargha Apartment, Flat No. 2A, First Floor, 1/5, Jatindas Nagar, Kolkata - 700 056, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-620X.127910

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Background: Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy (GON) is very common in the glaucoma patients, and impaired effect of glaucoma is measured by the Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (RNFL) thickness. Objective: The study was conducted to find out the mean RNFL thickness, RNFL thickness in different quadrants, Intra-Ocular Pressure (IOP) changes, and visual field changes after filtration surgery in different ages and genders using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Materials and Methods: The study was an interventional case-series conducted at the Glaucoma Clinic at the Regional Institute of Ophthalmology at Kolkata from March 2009 to August 2010. Fifty-one eyes of 43 open angle glaucoma patients had been selected for clinical and ophthalmologic evaluation. All the eyes of glaucoma patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were registered in the study population. The glaucoma filtration surgery was done in these patients. The RNFL thickness, IOP, visual field changes were measured before and after intervention of filtration surgery. Pre-operative OCT images of RNFL were obtained 0 to 120 days before surgery, and post-operative images were obtained from 60 to 120 days after surgery. Data collected in a standard data collection form included schedule. Results: Paired t-test was used. RNFL thickness was (pre-operative: 52.56 ± 17.40, post-operative: 58.48 ± 20.20, P < 0.0001) significantly increased after filtration surgery measured by OCT with significant reduction of IOP (r = - 0.38, P = 0.005) irrespective of age and gender. Conclusions: An increase in RNFL thickness was observed after glaucoma filtration surgery that correlated with IOP reduction.

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