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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 75-80

Correlation of central corneal thickness and optic nerve head topography in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma

Department of ophthalmology, Mansoura University Ophthalmic Center, Mansoura, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Asaad A Ghanem
Ophthalmology Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-620X.64231

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Purpose : To evaluate whether changes in optic nerve head topography and visual field in patients with primary open-angle (POAG) are related to central corneal thickness (CCT). Materials and Methods : Eighty eyes of 50 patients with POAG underwent ophthalmic examination; optic nerve head imaging with the Heidelberg Retina Tomography II (HRT II), ultrasound corneal pachymetry, and visual field evaluation with the Humphrey visual field analyser (program 24-2). Correlation between CCT, age, gender, family history of glaucoma, visual acuity, intraocular pressure (IOP), optic disc surface area, vertical and horizontal cup: disc ratios, neuroretinal rim area, mean deviation of visual field, and number of glaucoma medications was analyzed. Patients were divided into a thin CCT group <540 μm or a thick CCT group >540 μm. Pearson correlation was used for correlation coefficient and a P value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results : Thin CCT was significantly correlated with vertical and horizontal cup: disc ratios, neuroretinal rim area loss, and smaller optic disc surface area (r=0.043, r=0.021, r=0.036, and 0.031 respectively). Thin CCT was also significantly associated with worsened mean deviation of visual field, and increased number of glaucoma medications (r=0.065 and r=0.423). Patients with positive family history correlated with with greater vertical cup: disc ratio, and more glaucoma medications but this was not statistically significant. Conclusions : In patients with POAG those with thinner CCT are likely to develop greater glaucomatous optic nerve and visual field damages than those with a thicker CCT.

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