Year : 2019 | Volume
: 12 | Issue : 2 | Page : 88--93
Sensitivity and specificity of teachers for vision screening among primary school children in South India
R Muralidhar, P Vijayalakshmi
Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
AIMS: This study aims to determine the sensitivity and specificity of vision screening by school teachers among primary school children.
SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective nonrandomized clinical trial.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was carried in primary school children of Madurai, Tamil Nadu from April 2007 to October 2007. Sixty-five primary school teachers from 57 schools around Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India, underwent a half-day training programme at the hospital. Each teacher on return to the school screened around a hundred children using the tumbling E. All screened children were subsequently screened by a team from the hospital. The optometrists used tumbling E (Snellen's 20/30 and Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) 20/32) to check the vision of all children. Any child complaining of defective vision or noted to have defective vision on screening underwent a comprehensive ophthalmic evaluation. The sensitivity and specificity of teacher screening was assessed based on the data obtained.
RESULTS: Screening was completed for 5150 children. The prevalence of vision <20/30 was 2.82%. Teacher screening was noted to have a sensitivity of 24.8% and a specificity of 98.65%. Tumbling E ETDRS screening by the optometrist had the highest sensitivity of 94.48% and specificity of 97.09%.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that vision screening by trained optometrists is a very useful tool to identify visual impairment in primary school children. Measures need to be taken to improve the sensitivity of teacher screening before recommending its generalized use.
Dr. R Muralidhar
Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Aravind Eye Hospital, No. 1, Anna Nagar, Madurai - 625 020, Tamil Nadu
|How to cite this article:|
Muralidhar R, Vijayalakshmi P. Sensitivity and specificity of teachers for vision screening among primary school children in South India.Oman J Ophthalmol 2019;12:88-93
|How to cite this URL:|
Muralidhar R, Vijayalakshmi P. Sensitivity and specificity of teachers for vision screening among primary school children in South India. Oman J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Sep 22 ];12:88-93
Available from: http://www.ojoonline.org/article.asp?issn=0974-620X;year=2019;volume=12;issue=2;spage=88;epage=93;aulast=Muralidhar;type=0