Oman Journal of Ophthalmology

LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 101--102

Isolated optic nerve infiltration as a site of relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia


Sabyasachi Bandyopadhyay1, Debabrata Das1, Gobinda Das2, Sibnath Gayen2,  
1 Department of Ophthalmology, R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Sabyasachi Bandyopadhyay
11/11, Ghosal Para Road, Dakshin Para, Barasat, Kolkata - 700 124
India




How to cite this article:
Bandyopadhyay S, Das D, Das G, Gayen S. Isolated optic nerve infiltration as a site of relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia.Oman J Ophthalmol 2011;4:101-102


How to cite this URL:
Bandyopadhyay S, Das D, Das G, Gayen S. Isolated optic nerve infiltration as a site of relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Oman J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2011 [cited 2019 Oct 23 ];4:101-102
Available from: http://www.ojoonline.org/text.asp?2011/4/2/101/83668


Full Text

Sir,

We greatly appreciate the opinion by Ali et al. [1] on optic nerve infiltration in relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in response to our article on unilateral optic nerve infiltration as an initial site of relapse of ALL in remission.

The initial presentation of relapse of ALL as isolated unilateral optic nerve infiltration though rare has been reported in the literature. [2],[3],[4],[5] After publication of this case report, we found another boy of 10 years in our hospital with similar presentation (unpublished observation). The rarity of this entity may be due to underreporting of the cases.

On relapse, the visual acuity of the right eye was 20/200. We agree with Ali et al. [1] that this reduced vision was due to leukemic optic nerve infiltration presenting as unilateral optic disc edema. Following chemotherapy and radiotherapy, there was reduction of optic disc edema. The visual acuity improved only to 20/80, which was less than expected following reduced optic disc edema. The further non-improvement could be attributed to a combination of sequel of optic disc edema and radiation optic neuropathy.

The computed tomography scan of brain and orbit showed only right-sided optic nerve infiltration. There was no other sign of central nervous system involvement. The thickened right optic nerve in the computed tomography scan depicts optic nerve infiltration as the cause of optic disc edema excluding true papilledema due to central nervous system involvement. Furthermore, the optic disc edema was unilateral as opposed to true papilledema which is bilateral.

To conclude, the relapse of ALL as unilateral optic nerve infiltration may occur in the presence of normal complete blood count and bone marrow examination. Hence, regular ophthalmic check-up is advocated to facilitate early detection of relapse and initiation of combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

References

1Ali MJ, Honavar SG. Optic nerve infiltration in relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Oman J Ophthalmol 2011;4:40.
2Lin YC, Wang AG, Yen MY, Hsu WM. Leukaemic infiltration of the optic nerve as the initial manifestation of leukaemic relapse. Eye (Lond) 2004;18:546-50.
3Nikaido H, Mishima H, Ono H, Choshi K, Dohy H. Leukemic involvement of the optic nerve. Am J Ophthalmol 1988;105:294-8.
4Lin HF, Dai MS, Kao WY, Chao TY. Unilateral optic nerve leukemic infiltration with sudden vision loss heralding a systemic relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Med Sci 2005;25:97-100.
5Bandyopadhyay S, Das D, Das G, Gayen S. Unilateral optic nerve infiltration as an initial site of relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in remission. Oman J Ophthalmol 2010;3:153-4.