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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-12

Management of vernal keratoconjunctivitis in children in Saudi Arabia


Department of Ophthalmology, Medical College, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dora Hamad AlHarkan
Department of Ophthalmology, Qassim University, POB 4490 – Qassim 51491
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ojo.OJO_263_2018

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Vernal keratoconjunctivitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the ocular surface and one of the worst types of allergic conjunctival diseases. Because of its chronic nature, it can damage the cornea, resulting in sight-threatening complications if left untreated. The disease affects mainly young children starting around the age of 7 years. We used keywords to search for published English articles in PUBMED, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Most of the published literature is focusing on general management of the disease and few publications focusing on treatment in the pediatric age group. We highlight the importance of how is the topical management differs between age groups. We focused on the importance of doing cycloplegic refraction for each child as the risk of keratoconus and oblique astigmatism is high in these cases. Furthermore, we highlight the importance of using eye lubricants as a therapeutic and preventive tool for the attacks of the disease. We highlight that most of the recent effective medications (especially the off-label ones) are not available in Saudi Arabia, such as tacrolimus, and some are only available to be prepared in tertiary center pharmacies as Cyclosporine A with higher concentrations.


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