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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-30

Comparison of a single intraoperative posterior sub-Tenon's capsule triamcinolone acetonide injection versus topical steroids for treatment of postcataract surgery inflammation in children


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Biostatistics, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Swetha Sara Philip
Department of Ophthalmology, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 001, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ojo.OJO_147_2017

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BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to compare the clinical efficacy of a single intraoperative posterior sub-Tenon's capsule triamcinolone acetonide injection with postoperative topical steroids in controlling intraocular inflammation in uncomplicated pediatric cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective comparative study of children (<13 years of age) undergoing cataract surgery in a tertiary care eye center in South India. Preoperative evaluation was similar in both groups. The surgical procedure was the same for both groups except at the end of surgery only Group 1 (right eye of bilateral cataracts and all unilateral cataracts) received intraoperative 0.5 ml (40 mg/ml) posterior sub-Tenon's injection of triamcinolone acetonide. Postoperatively, Group 1 was administered only topical antibiotic and Group 2 was put on topical antibiotic, mydriatic, and steroids. Intraocular inflammation and intraocular pressure (IOP) were assessed clinically on day 1, 1st week, 1st month, and 3 months, postoperatively. RESULTS: A total of 30 eyes were included in the study. Age ranged between 1 month and 132 months, with 18 eyes included in Group 1 and 12 eyes in Group 2. The mean postoperative IOP at the 3 months follow-up was not significantly different between groups (P = 0.4). The presence of intraocular lens had no role in postoperative inflammation (P = 1). Group 2 showed more anterior segment inflammation with six eyes (50%) developing posterior synechiae and distortion of the pupil 3 months postoperatively. CONCLUSION: In pediatric cataracts, a single intraoperative sub-Tenon's capsule injection of triamcinolone acetonide appears to be safe and effective in controlling postcataract surgery inflammation.


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