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CASE REPORT
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 62-64

Fungal keratitis and endophthalmitis after implantation of type 1 keratoprosthesis


Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Chintan Malhotra
Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Room No. 125, Chandigarh - 160 012
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ojo.OJO_69_2016

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A 70-year-old patient who underwent uneventful primary implantation of Auro K Pro (a Type I Boston Keratoprosthesis-based device), developed infiltrates in the deep stroma of the carrier corneal graft and exudates on the optic stem of the keratoprosthesis assembly, 6 weeks postoperatively, which subsequently progressed to endophthalmitis. Vitreous tap was positive for a panfungal polymerase chain reaction, although corneal scrapings for both Gram stain and KOH wet mount yielded negative results. Aggressive management with systemic, topical, intravitreal, and intrastromal antifungal agents resulted in an initial resolution, but residual inflammatory vitreous membranes persisted. The patient was then lost to follow-up and presented 3 months later with a total, inoperable retinal detachment. Fungal infections after keratoprosthesis implantation remain a significant concern and may be associated with poor outcomes in the developing countries due to interplay of environmental and socioeconomic factors. Management protocols may need to be modified in accordance with the prevailing conditions in these regions.


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