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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 107-110

A novel strategy for management of uncorrected refractive errors in urban slums


1 Department of Optometry, Lotus College of Optometry, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Research, Prashasa Health Consultants Private Limited, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Asst. professor. Prema K Chande
Lotus College of Optometry, Lotus Eye Hospital, Vithal Nagar Society, JVPD, Juhu, Mumbai - 400 049, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: Establishment of vision centers and service delivery was supported by Sightsaver, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-620X.159258

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Background: Blindness and Vision impairment remains a major public health issue not only in rural but also in urban areas. Concept of using peripheral health centers to render primary health care services to the community was a WHO proposed model. However, establishing them in urban slums is a challenge as most of the slums are illegal establishments. So, aim was to establish vision centers for providing primary eye care services in the urban slums of Mumbai, West India. Methods: Vision centers were established in various slum pockets of Mumbai from the year 2008 till 2009. Refraction and screening for ocular morbidity were carried out for those who attended this center and management for uncorrected refractive errors was done. Results: Data from 6 such vision centers located in various slum pockets of Mumbai city from April 9 to March 2011 were collected and analyzed. Of the 19,550 adults, 2270 (11.61%) had moderate vision impairment with presenting visual acuity of <0.5 LogMAR in both eyes. Severe Visual impairment was seen in (723) 3.70%. Blindness was seen in (357) 1.82%. Of the 2993, which were moderately and severely visually impaired, 1893 subjects that is, 63.24% of them improved to 0.2 LogMAR or better with spectacle correction Conclusions: About 63.24% of visual impairment was due to uncorrected refractive errors, these included both moderately and severely vision impaired. Totally, 357 (1.82%) were also identified as blind. This model of vision centers has a role in the identification and management of sight-threatening problems.


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